A fertility specialist is an OB-GYN with experience in infertility and reproductive endocrinology. This specialist helps people through reproductive matters like uterine problems, infertility treatments, fertility preservation, and genetic diseases that can affect future kids. Other issues include endometriosis, amenorrhea, and polycystic ovarian syndrome. Here are things to pay attention to when visiting a fertility specialist:
How long should I try to conceive before visiting a doctor? This depends on what exactly you are looking for and how concerned you’re. Most women undergo a fertility assessment before trying to conceive or if they are planning their productive future. If you have been struggling to conceive, you need to visit a fertility specialist after 12 months. But if you are 35 or older, visit a specialist after 6 months.
What is the foremost step a fertility specialist will take if I’m not conceiving?
A doctor will often start by assessing your medical status. They want to know any prior fertility assessments or medication you have ever received. As a first step, let your fertility specialist know why you are seeking fertility care. For instance, some individuals don’t like medical intervention, while others prefer to be proactive as possible. Other objectives may include
fertility preservation or genetic testing on embryos. Also read: Tricks-and-Tips-to-Create-Two-Zelle-Accounts
Is there anything I can use to increase my chances of becoming pregnant?
Today, many lifestyle factors affect fertility. A healthy lifestyle can improve fertility treatment success, enhance conception and maintain a pregnancy. This involves avoiding processed foods and eating a well-balanced diet. Weight loss is another way to have a smooth fertility treatment outcome. To achieve that, take prenatal vitamins and avoid smoking, recreational drugs, and alcohol. You can also take a lot of vitamin D supplements to avoid deficiency, which may result in miscarriage or poor Vitro fertilization (IVF) outcomes. Exercises are also appropriate for stress reduction and general health.
What type of tests might a doctor order and what does it mean?
Typically, a fertility doctor will perform a complete testing panel to know more about your infertility and assess your productive ability. Your specialist may perform hormone tests on the third day of your menstrual cycle. These tests include anti-Mullerian hormone tests, follicle- stimulating hormones, and luteinizing hormones.
A doctor may conduct a transvaginal ultrasound to examine antral follicles in the ovaries. With these tests, a specialist can determine whether your egg is damaged, or fair. An endocrine screening can also be conducted to test prolactin abnormalities or thyroid disease. These diseases can also affect reproduction function. To assess the uterus and fallopian tubes, your specialist may order an X-ray test known as a hysterosal pingogram. That test determines if your fallopian tubes are healthy and open. It also indicates issues with your uterus such as a septum, polyps, fibroids, or scar tissue that could affect the growth or implantation of the embryo. Other tests to assess the uterus include endometrial biopsy, saline-infused sonography, or office hysteroscopy.
A semen analysis can be also conducted to determine if the motility, count, or appearance of the sperm is normal. Preconception screenings may be used to examine genetic abnormalities and transmissible diseases.
What are alternatives options if I can’t conceive?
A fertility specialist may prescribe infertility treatments like letrozole and clomiphene. Other treatments include intrauterine insemination, follicle growth monitoring with ultrasounds and blood work, and ovulation triggering with hCG (human chronic gonadotrophin). Your doctor may also prescribe treatments like preimplantation genetic testing, IVF, and
intracytoplasmic sperm injection. Remember, the type of treatment you and the specialist choose will depend on the goals of treatment, the duration, and the cause of infertility. Your doctor will guide you on the most suitable option for you to achieve the best result possible.
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How successful are fertility medications?
Fertility medications are successful, but the results depend on various factors. These factors include the cause of infertility and the woman's age. Generally, the more therapies, the higher the birth success rate.
Intrauterine insemination treatments and ovulation stimulation have success rate between 5 to 10% per cycle. This may go up by 18%, preferably for people with ovulation disorders, but without any underlying female conditions. IVF has a live birth success rate between 45 to 60%. This can go up by 70 % if quality embryos are transferred.
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