Difference Between Plants Cells And Animals Cells

The cell is the basic building block of all organisms. Like people and other animals, plants are composed of a variety of cells. The cell wall that encloses the plant cell is what gives it its specific shape. In addition to the cell wall, there are additional organelles that are involved in a variety of cellular processes.


Animal cell

Animal cells can range in size from a few microns to a few millimeters. The largest known animal cell is the ostrich egg, which can be more than 5.1 inches across and weigh about 1.4 kilogrammes. Contrary to this, the average neuron in the human body is only 100 microns across.


Animal cells can also have a variety of shapes, including flat, oval, and rod-shaped cells. There are also intriguing shapes like curved, spherical, concave, and rectangular ones. The majority of the cells are so small that they can only be seen under a microscope.


As was already mentioned, animal cells are eukaryotic cells with a membrane-bound nucleus. Additionally, these cells exhibit DNA in their nuclei.

They also contain extra cellular components and membrane-bound organelles that carry out particular functions necessary for a cell to function properly.


Diagram of an animal cell


The diagram below depicts the structural organization of an animal cell. The diagram of an animal cell provided below shows the various cell organelles that are present in an animal cell in great detail.


Although this diagram of an animal cell does not specifically represent any one type of animal cell, it does show the primary organelles and complex internal structure of the majority of animal cells. Additionally, the presence or absence of a cell wall makes it simple to tell an animal cell diagram from a plant cell diagram.


Animal cell function

What function does an animal cell serve? Animal cells perform a variety of vital functions, including providing an animal’s body with structure, absorbing nutrients to convert them into energy, and assisting animals in movement. They contain all of an organism’s genetic material and are also self-replicating.


Animal Cell Types

There are many different types of animal cells, each with a specific function. Typical animal cell types include:


  • Skin Cells.

  • Muscle Cells.

  • Blood Cells.

  • Nerve cells.

  • Fat Cells.


{ Checkout CBSE Class 9th Chapter 5 The Fundamental Unit Of Life }


Plant cell

Eukaryotic cells found in plants differ significantly from those found in other eukaryotic organisms in a number of significant ways. The nucleus and similar organelles are found in both animal and plant cells. One of the characteristics that distinguishes a plant cell from other types of cells is the presence of a cell wall outside the cell membrane.


Cells are the basic building block of life in organisms from the kingdom Plantae. They are eukaryotic cells with specialized organelles and an actual nucleus that serves a variety of purposes. Plant cells contain special organelles called chloroplasts that use photosynthesis to produce sugars.

Diagram of an plant cell


The plant cell is similar in size and shape to the animal cell. Plant cells are very different from animal cells in that they have different functions, despite the fact that both types of cells are eukaryotic and share some cell organelles. Some of these variations can be clearly seen when the cells are examined under an electron microscope.

Animal cell function


The units of a plant are referred to as cells. Photosynthesis is primarily carried out by plant cells. Photosynthesis occurs in the chloroplasts of the plant cell. It is the process by which plants use water, carbon dioxide, and sunlight to prepare food.

Animal Cell Types

  • Collenchyma.
  • Sclerenchyma. 
  • Parenchyma.
  • Xylem.


Difference between Animal cell vs Plant cell.


Animal Cell


  • It doesn’t have a cell wall.
  • are shaped erratically or rounded.
  • Centrioles and centrosomes exist.
  • Plastids are nonexistent.
  • Vacuoles are frequently absent and typically very small.
  • Animal cells typically have cilia.
  • There are lots of mitochondria in existence.
  • The mode of nutrition is heterotrophic.
  • There is only one unique, extremely intricate Golgi apparatus.


Plant Cell


  • The cellulose cell wall, which is not a component of the cell membrane, makes up its structure.
  • are square or rectangular in shape.
  • Centrosomes and centrioles are absent.
  • Plasmids are present.
  • The centre of the cell contains a few, big, or one vacuole.
  • No Cilia is present.
  • Although they exist, mitochondria are less common.
  • Autotrophic nutrition is most prevalent.
  • Dictyosomes, a group of more compact parts of the Golgi apparatus, are found everywhere.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *